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Comparative studies of EIA review for Papua New Guinean and Icelandic projects with a focus on geothermal utilisation

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Titill: Comparative studies of EIA review for Papua New Guinean and Icelandic projects with a focus on geothermal utilisationComparative studies of EIA review for Papua New Guinean and Icelandic projects with a focus on geothermal utilisation
Höfundur: Trawen, Brendan ; Jarðhitaskóli Háskóla Sameinuðu þjóðanna
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10802/8626
Útgefandi: United Nations University; Orkustofnun
Útgáfa: 2012
Ritröð: United Nations University., UNU Geothermal Training Programme, Iceland. Report ; 2012 : 33
Efnisorð: Jarðhiti; Umhverfisáhrif; Papúa Nýja-Gínea; Ísland
ISSN: 1670-7427
Tungumál: Enska
Tengd vefsíðuslóð: http://www.os.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2012-33.pdf
Tegund: Bók
Gegnir ID: 001316494
Athugasemdir: Í: Geothermal training in Iceland 2012, s. 823-860Myndefni: myndir, kort
Útdráttur: Geothermal energy resources are abundant and can be utilised in many different ways to benefit society and the people living in it. However, the legal environment has placed legal and regulatory challenges on the progress of geothermal utilisation in many countries. Permit processes and Environment Impact Assessments of geothermal projects are parts of the important regulatory framework that all developers should be subject to before carrying out preparatory work. Well-defined and stable legal and regulatory frameworks are important to geothermal developers to ensure that the planning stages of geothermal development are carried out stepwise for the benefit of a country and to motivate the promotion of geothermal projects. Iceland and Papua New Guinea are countries that operate legal and regulatory frameworks in relation to geothermal development. Both countries have regulations, similar yet different as regards to permissions and EIA processes for geothermal development. Interestingly, Papua New Guinea is new to the geothermal arena and additional geothermal development is likely to take place. Iceland is one of the top geothermal producing countries with several major geothermal power plants. A comparison of legal and regulatory frameworks between the two countries shows both similarities and differences. While the geoscientific and geothermal engineering work may be similar in nature, their regulatory frameworks and preparation of geothermal projects may be compared on the basis of EIA, exploration, permit policies and utilisation. These factors, in turn, provide practical experience and obstacles for Papua New Guinea which is emerging to become a promising country with a geothermal potential of about 3000 MW. Papua New Guinea does not have a regulatory framework for the exploration and development of geothermal energy. Hence, a set-up of a regulatory framework including EIA and permitting processes is proposed.


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