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Open heat exchanger for improved energy efficiency in the heating of hot spas

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Titill: Open heat exchanger for improved energy efficiency in the heating of hot spasOpen heat exchanger for improved energy efficiency in the heating of hot spas
Höfundur: Jarðhitaskóli Háskóla Sameinuðu þjóðanna ; Jalili-Nasrabadi, Saeid
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10802/12775
Útgefandi: United Nations University; Orkustofnun
Útgáfa: 12.2008
Ritröð: United Nations University., UNU Geothermal Training Programme, Iceland. Report ; 2008:4
Efnisorð: Meistaraprófsritgerðir; Jarðhiti; Jarðhitarannsóknir; Sundlaugar; Vatnsveitur; Jarðhitasvæði; Jarðefnafræði; Jarðboranir; Hitaveita
ISSN: 1670-7427
ISBN: 9789979682509 (ób.)
Tungumál: Enska
Tengd vefsíðuslóð: http://www.os.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2008-04.pdf
Tegund: Bók
Gegnir ID: 001097900
Athugasemdir: Lokaritgerð (MS) við Háskóla ÍslandsMyndefni: myndir, línurit, töflur
Útdráttur: Hot spas and Jacuzzis are popular in Iceland due to the abundance of reasonably prized geothermal heat available. However the water from the district heating system is too warm to be admitted directly into the spa. For safety reasons the water is mixed with cold water, from 75 down to 50ºC, which leads to wasting a large quantity of heat. Therefore a design was suggested that enables the feeding of geothermal water directly into the pot, omitting the step of mixing it with cold water. The idea is to employ an open heat exchanger that transfers much heat from the geothermal water to the bulk water in the spa, before letting it mix with the spa water. A case study was done for one particular spa. Heat load was calculated and measured when the spa was in use, and when it was unused. A design is suggested employing a circular double-plate which is to be placed at bottom of pot. This unit will function as an open heat exchanger feeding district heating water into the pot. Free convection takes place at the up side of the upper plate and forced convection below the upper plate. Heat transfer coefficient for both was calculated. Temperature field in the pool before and after implementation of the open heat exchanger was measured at different points using thermocouples. The measured temperatures were compared to thermal and fluid-dynamic simulation of the temperature and flow fields obtaining good accordance. Results are reasonable and promising for a good design that may considerably reduce the energy expenses for a continuously heated geothermal spa....


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