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Carbon dioxide fixation by calcite and diffusive degassing in the southern region of the Berlín geothermal system, El Salvador

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Titill: Carbon dioxide fixation by calcite and diffusive degassing in the southern region of the Berlín geothermal system, El SalvadorCarbon dioxide fixation by calcite and diffusive degassing in the southern region of the Berlín geothermal system, El Salvador
Höfundur: Jarðhitaskóli Háskóla Sameinuðu þjóðanna ; Renderos, Roberto Enrique
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10802/6744
Útgefandi: United Nations University; Orkustofnun
Útgáfa: 12.2009
Ritröð: United Nations University., UNU Geothermal Training Programme, Iceland. Report ; 2009:4
Efnisorð: Jarðhiti; Hitaveitur; Koltvíoxíð; Efnasamsetning; El Salvador
ISSN: 1670-7427
ISBN: 9789979682691 (ób.)
Tungumál: Enska
Tengd vefsíðuslóð: http://www.os.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2009-04.pdf
Tegund: Bók
Gegnir ID: 001137065
Athugasemdir: Myndefni: myndir, línurit, töflur
Útdráttur: Two processes of carbon dioxide removal from geothermal systems have been studied as part of the CO2 budget in the Berlin geothermal system and their implications for the evaluation of the CO2 emissions from a 109 MWe geothermal power plant. CO2 flux through soil was measured as part of natural emissions at 150 sampling points within a regular grid of 4 x 2.5 km using the accumulation chamber method. Results were analyzed by a graphical statistical method. Soil CO2 flux values over background values were not observed and characterization of the CO2 source feeding the soil CO2 diffuse degassing was not possible due to the amount of volcanic-hydrothermal CO2 and biogenic fluxes that coexist and are of the same order of magnitude. The rate of CO2 emissions through an area of 4 x 2.5 km was from 14162 to 23105 t y-1. The amount of CO2 fixed in bedrock was quantified by coulometric carbon titrations of 50 drill cutting samples from 5 high temperature geothermal wells in the southern region of Berlin. The amount of CO2 in the drill cuttings ranged between 0.0 and 194 kg m-3. For wells located in the westernmost region the CO2 content reaches the highest values in the uppermost 1200 m but it decreases sharply below that depth and very little CO2 is present in minerals below 1500 m. A more homogeneous CO2 distribution has been observed in wells located in the eastern part of the area studied where CO2 content of the order of 60 kg m-3 was found at 1845 m depth. The load of the bedrock was computed to be 79.5 kg m-2 and the total amount of CO2 fixed in the bedrock was estimated as 795 Mt. The CO2 fixation rate of the system was computed to be between 6100 and 79500 t y-1. CO2 emissions from the power plant amounted to 42420 t y-1 in the year 2008, double the natural emissions observed in the present study.


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