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Application of the resistivity method in the Krísuvík geothermal area, Reykjanes peninsula, SW-Iceland

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Titill: Application of the resistivity method in the Krísuvík geothermal area, Reykjanes peninsula, SW-IcelandApplication of the resistivity method in the Krísuvík geothermal area, Reykjanes peninsula, SW-Iceland
Höfundur: Jarðhitaskóli Háskóla Sameinuðu þjóðanna ; Kebede, Yiheyis
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10802/23486
Útgefandi: United Nations University; Orkustofnun
Útgáfa: 2001
Ritröð: United Nations University., UNU Geothermal Training Programme, Iceland. Report ; 2001:6
Efnisorð: Jarðhiti; Jarðhitarannsóknir; Jarðhitasvæði; Reykjanes; Krýsuvík
ISSN: 1670-7427
Tungumál: Enska
Tengd vefsíðuslóð: http://www.os.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2001-06.pdf
Tegund: Bók
Gegnir ID: 001516478
Athugasemdir: Myndefni: kort, línurit, töflur.
Útdráttur: This report describes resistivity measurements made in the Krísuvík geothermal area, Reykjanes Peninsula, SW-Iceland. The report includes the theoretical aspects of the resistivity methods in geothermal exploration and interpretation and comparison of sounding results, based on DC methods (Schlumberger configuration) and EM methods (Central-loop transient electromagnetic - TEM) are made and presented. The resistivity structure of the Krísuvík geothermal area is observed to reveal several resistivity layers, including high resistivity ($200 Sm) near the surface that is related to cold and fresh basaltic rock of Postglacial volcanism, moderately high resistivity (50-200 Sm) related to slightly altered rocks due to groundwater action, moderate resistivity (10-50 Sm) related to moderately hydrothermally altered rocks, and low resistivity (#10 Sm) related to low-temperature (50-200°C) alterations in the smectite-zeolite zone. The typical resistivity structure that is observed in most high-temperature geothermal fields of Iceland (e.g. Krafla and Nesjavellir), with high resistivity below a low-resistivity cap rock, is also seen in the Krísuvík geothermal area. This resistivity structure is interpreted as a result of the chlorite alteration zone that is of temperatures higher than 240°C. Comparisons of results of the two methods show that a similar resistivity structure could be obtained using both methods but with slight discrepancies that arise basically from their principles and methodology. Experience in resistivity mapping of geothermal fields of Iceland and this study indicate that the resistivity structure of geothermal prospects is best mapped using the TEM method....


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